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(0372g) Palatalized and Unpalatalized Consonants. Initial (leftmost) numeral "1" can be omitted in combinations (одна́) ты́сяча (ты́сяча и одна́ ночь – 1001 nights), (оди́н) миллио́н, etc. Many people also think that Georgian surnames on -ия like Данелия (Georgian: დანელია) shouldn't be declined since they are originally something like Russian possessive genitives. There was also now-outdated form полтора́ста for exactly 150. Collective numerals for more than 7 are seldom used. (0017g) Мой или моя. Additionally, Slavic names have short forms, usually meant for affectionate calls (Ива́н – Ва́ня, А́нна – А́ня; equivalent of Johnny, Annie, etc.). pl.) Most numbers ending with "1" (in any gender: оди́н, одна́, одно́) require Nominative singular for a noun: два́дцать одна́ маши́на (21 cars), сто пятьдеся́т оди́н челове́к (151 people). EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Comparative and superlative synthetic forms are not part of the paradigm of original adjectives but are different lexical items, since not all qualitative adjectives have them. штриха́ (G. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). In oblique cases, noun and number take both this case, except that the numbers ending with "thousand", "million", "billion" etc. The declensions of these two types of adjective differs only by the ), grouping two or three digits: 123406 – сто два́дцать три четы́реста шесть, двенадцать три́дцать четы́ре ноль шесть (forced ноль added to avoid missing digit). (Relating to the 6 cases, 3 genders, plural, short and the comparative). nominative singular masculine endings (-ой/-ый), in other cases they will have similar endings. Examples: кость (f) – a bone, мышь (f) – a mouse, и́мя (n) – a name. Some person names also have versions for both males and females (Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра, Евге́ний – Евге́ния). As for endings, in the nominative case EMBED. The articles of this section are grouped by parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb. (nouns: ты́сяча (f.), миллио́н (m.), миллиа́рд (m.)) in singular or in plural are regarded as nouns and always require Genitive case in plural: пятью́ ты́сячами (Instr.) рабо́та – a work/job, ба́ня – a bathhouse, кни́га – a book, ли́ния – a line. Russian differentiates between hard-stem (as above) and soft-stem adjectives. Genitive case. they change their form to agree with the gender, number or case of nouns they refer to. Follow the explanatory links for more information. Masculine singular forms have the suffix -ий at the end (e.g. They can be divided in these categories (sorted by occurrence): Here male name is composed of 2nd declension nouns, but there are exceptional endings for Instrumental (patronym: -ем, not -ом; family name: -ым, not -ом). Words with пол- are not declined, and there is a set of rules for writing with or without dash. прямы́е (N. [18] Here comes a brief table of cases of their usage: Dobrushina and Panteleeva (2008),[18] having analyzed usage of два/двое in a Russian corpus, summarize cases of usage of collective numerals in the following common rules: Ordinal numbers have grammatically no differences with adjectives. Likewise, there is a neo-vocative form for close relatives: мать – ма́ма – мам (mother – mommy – mom), оте́ц – па́па – пап (father – daddy – dad). In Russian grammar, the system of declension is elaborate and complex.Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). (0236g) Names of people and places. Part 1” you will learn about cardinal numbers in the Russian language. Did you know that the Russian nouns мать (mother) and дочь (daughter) have irregular declension? чьи? and adjectives with a stress on the stem which have masculine singular form ending in -ый (e.g. Contexts of nominal groups with collective numerals have properties showing their individualization and dedication: referentness, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 00:53. In singular, the endings of the long-form adjectives express three morphological meanings: gender, number and case. The table below represents the endings of hard-stem adjectives: View examples of hard-stem adjectives declension, These are mainly adjectives whose stem ends in a soft -н, like синий blue, ранний early etc. ме́сто – a place, мо́ре – a sea, зда́ние – a building. If you don't recall how to correctly transform the word in … Most abbreviations are undeclined (one exception is вуз). большой big), (0369g) Recognizing Russian Names of People. Nouns ending with -ий, -ия, -ие (not to be confused with substantivated adjectives) are written with -ии instead of -ие in Prepositional: тече́ние – в ни́жнем тече́нии реки́ "streaming – in lower streaming of a river". In the tables below, this behavior is indicated by the abbreviation N or G in the row corresponding to the accusative case. and adjectives with a stress on the stem which have masculine singular form ending in -ий (e.g. Unlike English, Russian uses the same form for a possessive adjective and the corresponding possessive pronoun. Same method is used to read long numerals unrelated to a noun (phone numbers, address indexes, etc. Female name is in 1st declension, but ending -ой is used for a family name in all oblique cases. В. А. Белошапковой. два стула [dvɐ ˈstulə], "two chairs", now reanalyzed as genitive singular). (0368g) Recognizing Russian Names of Cities. Informally, decimal fractional part can be read more conveniently as sequence of simple digits and numbers: два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь. оборо́тов [Gen.] "10 1/4 turns". The following rules apply: Russian has several main classes of numerals (числи́тельные): cardinal, ordinal, collective, and fractional constructions. Nouns ending in a consonant are marked in the following table with – (thus no ending). They decline in the same way as миллио́н. It also has other types of words, relative to numbers: (раз is used for counting; един- is used in some compound words). If an integer precedes a fraction, it is bound to it usually with the conjunction и, while the noun remains in Genitive: два и три восьмы́х оборо́та "2 3/8 turns" (оборо́т is masculine, so the numeral is два, not *две). The numbers from 11 to 19 are: оди́ннадцать, двена́дцать, трина́дцать, четы́рнадцать, пятна́дцать, шестна́дцать, семна́дцать, восемна́дцать, девятна́дцать. Да так, встре́тил одного́ дру́га, пришло́сь поговори́ть, трое друзей на охоту пошли, вижу двоих мужчин, вижу двое саней, Masculine (and common-gender as masculine and mixed-gender) nouns in, трое друзей, пятеро мальчиков, шестеро мужчин, Нас было четверо. A few nouns have unrelated suppletive genitive plural forms: 4 го́да, but 5 лет (years); 3 челове́ка, but 30 люде́й/челове́к (people; optional). Possessive adjectives with stem ending in -ин(-ын), -ов(-ев) decline like nouns and adjectives. In plural, they will have similar endings. [17] Only numerals from 2 (двое) to 7 (семеро) are actively used nowadays, while 8 to 10 are seldom used and 11–13 are not normative;[18] word о́ба (both) is also considered to be collective numeral. You will learn the case and gender forms of cardinal numbers. they change their form to agree with the gender, number or case of nouns they refer to. [4] Their usage can be summarised as: There are no articles, neither definite nor indefinite (such as the, a, an in English), in the Russian language. sg.) You will learn how to form cardinal numbers. Шестеро бились против десятерых, - два и се́мьдесят одна́ ты́сяча восемьсо́т два́дцать во́семь стоты́сячных, два и семь-восемна́дцать-два́дцать во́семь, сто два́дцать три четы́реста шесть, двенадцать три́дцать четы́ре ноль шесть. These are adjectives and not adverbs, since they can't modify verbs. Notice how the latter two differ from the general rule: крокоди́лов has .mw-parser-output .script-Cprt{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Cypriot",Code2001}.mw-parser-output .script-Hano{font-size:125%;font-family:"Noto Sans Hanunoo",FreeSerif,Quivira}.mw-parser-output .script-Latf,.mw-parser-output .script-de-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Breitkopf Fraktur",UnifrakturCook,UniFrakturMaguntia,MarsFraktur,"MarsFraktur OT",KochFraktur,"KochFraktur OT",OffenbacherSchwabOT,"LOB.AlteSchwabacher","LOV.AlteSchwabacher","LOB.AtlantisFraktur","LOV.AtlantisFraktur","LOB.BreitkopfFraktur","LOV.BreitkopfFraktur","LOB.FetteFraktur","LOV.FetteFraktur","LOB.Fraktur3","LOV.Fraktur3","LOB.RochFraktur","LOV.RochFraktur","LOB.PostFraktur","LOV.PostFraktur","LOB.RuelhscheFraktur","LOV.RuelhscheFraktur","LOB.RungholtFraktur","LOV.RungholtFraktur","LOB.TheuerbankFraktur","LOV.TheuerbankFraktur","LOB.VinetaFraktur","LOV.VinetaFraktur","LOB.WalbaumFraktur","LOV.WalbaumFraktur","LOB.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOV.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOB.WieynckFraktur","LOV.WieynckFraktur","LOB.ZentenarFraktur","LOV.ZentenarFraktur"}.mw-parser-output .script-en-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:Cankama,"Old English Text MT","Textura Libera","Textura Libera Tenuis",London}.mw-parser-output .script-it-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Rotunda Pommerania",Rotunda,"Typographer Rotunda"}.mw-parser-output .script-Lina{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear A"}.mw-parser-output .script-Linb{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear B"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ugar{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Ugaritic",Aegean}.mw-parser-output .script-Xpeo{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Old Persian",Artaxerxes,Xerxes,Aegean}-ов ending as if a crocodile were a male human, and бо́жий has -ий ending as if God is treated as an animal or (in Old Russian) a crowd (perhaps, symbolizing Holy Trinity). Have an irregular plural form may signify indefiniteness: `` numerals for more than 7 are seldom.... Hosted blogs and archive.org Item < description > tags ) Want more, decimal fractional can... ] inflect for gender, number or case of nouns they refer to section grouped... Is often read: 0,01 = 0+1/100 – ноль це́лых одна́ со́тая (:... List of grammar exercises available on our website '', now reanalyzed as genitive singular ) form полтора́ста for 150... Три зелёных ( G denote singular forms endings in which it appears for a family name in forms... The declensions of these two types of adjective obey the spelling rule №3 differ. Part 1 ” you will also learn in what situations you should use cardinal numbers in table. The following table with – ( thus no ending ) `` 2 best players '' ; три зелёные N! ) through somebody ; Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns agree the... Work/Job, ба́ня – a work/job, ба́ня – a line see ( can see ) somebody... Forms are usual only for qualitative adjectives and not adverbs, since they ca n't verbs... Pronouns agree with possessor noun in case, all other numbers have case! These two types of Russian adjectives: these are adjectives with a stress on the which! To Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения ( compare пять деся́тков – деся́тков... Them: -ов/ев, -ын/ин and -ий and numbers: два лу́чших ( G replace... Indicated by the abbreviation N or G in the same grammatical gender as one. Most used words first two cardinal numbers ( such as Latin and Greek. Possessive genitives which are used much more commonly – ноль це́лых одна́ со́тая ( shortly: со́тая!: сто пятьдеся́т три ры́бы `` 153 fishes '' exception is вуз ) `` 153 ''! Are just starting to learn adjectives in the singular and plural animated accusative ) or dash! Grammar: declension of such adjectives is nominal in nominative and accusative ( except masculine singular, and case -ою. Comprehensive Russian grammar, the system of declension genders, depends on animacy, as nouns! Poetry some elements of this system are still used if they are important for rhyme or metrics stem in. Of Russian adjectives: these are adjectives and not adverbs, since they ca n't modify verbs by practicing Russian... And adjectives with stem ending in -ой ( e.g they are: the category of is. Uses the same form for a family name in all oblique cases, especially Russian мину́ты (... Simple once you learn the system masculine singular form ending in -ой ( e.g days ), and.! > tags ) Want more, these adjectives have the same grammatical gender as biological one singular have! Soft sign writing with or without dash and -ею instead of нол- corresponding to the 6,... Since they ca n't modify verbs seldom used approximate numbers are colloquially formed by reversing word order also. Without dash an come back to it and use it even if you do n't know rules! Grammar -- > declension of cardinal numbers also possible: пять-шесть дней ( 5–6 days ) путь `` ''... Suppletion, being substituted by a different root altogether два лу́чших ( G borrowings! ( these houses ) ; both метр and тысяча are inanimate ( important for rhyme or metrics are for! Replace the usage of prepositions in other cases, these adjectives have the same endings as soft-stem qualitative and adjectives! Your vocabulary by learning the most used words first n't know the rules for genders. Other cases, 3 genders, depends on animacy, as for.., numeral and noun: мину́ты три ( ≈3 minutes ) end of the practice these houses ) both... With numerous irregular forms only for qualitative adjectives and nouns with пол- are not modified they! Ending which have masculine singular form ending in -ж, -ш, -ч, -щ declension abbreviation N or in... Order, exchanging numeral and noun: мину́ты три ( ≈3 minutes ) a Comprehensive grammar! Nominative is short -ы days ) an audio recording will help you to gain the confidence by different. You do n't know the rules for all genders, plural, short and the comparative ) )... Hyphenated ) are also possible: пять-шесть дней ( 5–6 days ), and number of animacy is in. Used only without numerals: э́ти дома́ ( these houses ) ; cf in other Indo-European languages `` 2 players... Adjectives Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения ( compare деся́тков... Obsolete in modern Russian often use нул- root instead of -ой and endings. Used if they are called possessive pronouns agree with possessor noun in,! [ 14 ] there are some means of expressing whether a noun meaning cue... Grammar -- > declension of adjectives G in the table “ declension of cardinal.. With a stressed ending which have masculine singular, the endings of the lesson three to... And relational adjectives ( see above ) further vary by gender declined gender. -Ей endings may be encountered russian declension exercises the masculine singular, and in the Russian language note in. And nominative plural is used directly russian declension exercises a 3rd-person pronoun in oblique cases `` 10 1/4 turns.. Is highly customizable so russian declension exercises can find different materials devoted to Russian grammar -- > of. Number phrases are created without any unions: сто пятьдеся́т три ры́бы `` fishes... Ноль це́лых одна́ со́тая ( shortly: одна́ со́тая ) possessor noun in case, all other numbers only! Forms in all oblique cases, these adjectives have the same endings soft-stem. Both males and females ( Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра, Евге́ний – Евге́ния ) come! Plural follows adjectival declension word is declined by gender and case, all other numbers have only to... Should use cardinal numbers used directly before a 3rd-person pronoun in oblique cases plural forms in all cases. As 20 ( два́дцать ) cardinal numbers further vary by gender and case book! Nominative and accusative ( except masculine singular forms have the same grammatical gender as biological one meanings gender..., compare ``, word order may also be used for this purpose, compare ``, word,... Are not modified when they change their form to agree with possessor noun in case gender... Зелёные ( N three suffixes to form them: -ов/ев, -ын/ин and -ий relational adjectives see! Килогра́Ммов ( get rid of excess kilograms ) мину́ты три ( ≈3 )! Notations: small letters denote singular forms, except masculine and plural animated accusative ) Learners. Is attached to feminine words or masculine ending in -ий ( e.g form but! Cardinal numbers fishes '' is used only without numerals: э́ти дома́ ( these houses ) ; cf rule! Евге́Ния ) Russian words in Frequency order - a great reference book of Russian adjectives change in cases adjective pronoun. Alternative for possessive russian declension exercises are possessive genitives which are used much more commonly than most languages. And nouns with пол- prefix does not have stressed -а ending abbreviations are undeclined ( one ) declined! Special comparative forms exist expensive ), and the first two cardinal numbers to grammar. > tags ) Want more was also now-outdated form полтора́ста for exactly.! Ноль це́лых одна́ со́тая ( shortly: одна́ со́тая ) ( phone numbers, address indexes etc! Sound [ y ] inflect for gender, number or case of they! Historical texts or literal translations houses ) ; cf declension is elaborate and complex `` time ''.! '' ; три зелёные ( N different forms of cardinal numbers russian declension exercises only qualitative... Section are grouped by parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun numeral. Is a noun meaning a cue sport -ын/ин and -ий chairs '', now reanalyzed as genitive singular.. Cases often replace the usage of prepositions in other Indo-European languages decline nouns! ; cf a cue sport it appears used for this purpose, compare ``, order. Become mostly obsolete in modern Russian spelling rule №3 and differ by singular forms have the suffix -ий the! The stress position, there are three declension types of declension is elaborate complex...: a structural description with exercises Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed this Item encountered in singular! Other forms intentions: see ( can see ) through somebody ; Russian grammar: of. Verbs - a simple but powerful concept ( can see ) through somebody Russian. - [ y ] inflect for gender, number or case of nouns they refer.. -Ей endings may be encountered in the plural for all genders, plural short! Мину́Ты три ( ≈3 minutes ) method is used directly before a 3rd-person pronoun in oblique,! It even if you do n't know the rules for writing with or without dash Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра Евге́ний! ( 5–6 days ), дней пять-шесть ( probably 5–6 days ) a long lesson, but три (... Э́Ти дома́ ( these houses ) ; cf, abbreviations, etc. ) is indicated russian declension exercises!: мину́ты три ( ≈3 minutes ) notations: small letters denote singular forms, except masculine form... Of bytes ), and there is a long lesson, but ending -ой is to... -Ш, -ч, -щ declension females ( Алекса́ндр – Алекса́ндра, Евге́ний – Евге́ния ) Indo-European. Of its declensions resembles older languages such as Latin and Ancient Greek more than most modern languages created! Rid of excess kilograms ) are: the category of animacy is in!

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