judicial review essay

The review is fundamental to the U.S. government. If however, the power that the decision maker has is exceeded or acted outside of, then the actions would be considered to be ultra vires. A. declared the Supreme Court as the sole interpreters of Constitutional law. Introduction 123Helpme.com. Accountability means the checking, controlling or regulating in the case of judicial review, of government so that it is held to account in relation to the principles of administrative law. The debate over the legitimacy of the role of judicial review in the United States constitutional democracy has been around since the creation of the Constitution. This paper examines judicial review and judicial power in Nigeria under the 1999 Constitution in relation to the constitution itself and in relation to the political branches of government. Judicial Review is the power of the judiciary to review the actions taken by the legislature and the executive organ of the government and decide whether or not the actions taken by the legislature and the executive are in conformity with the Constitution. This essay will critically analyse the relationship between constitutional principles and the procedural requirements of judicial review, the traditional grounds of challenge and remedies available. In order to make a case against judicial review it is first important to understand the origins.

Judicial review can be defined as the judiciary, in the exercise of its own independence, checking and cross checking the working of the other organs of the government, while trying to uphold the ideal of ‘the rule of law’.

A literal approach to the legislation would be welcomed here in the defence of the housing authority. [13] In this case, Bromley Council acted outside of the scope of their authority which had in fact been set down in legislation.

In the readings for this week, Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to review, and if needed, determine if the actions of the legislative and executive branches are unconstitutional.

Yet, these were all factors that were discussed between the housing authority and the couple at the time the decision to re-locate them was being reached. Free resources to assist you with your legal studies! One is looking at all the great accomplishments in the history of the U.S.A. Copyright © 2000-2020. In this essay, I will describe the factual circumstances and the Supreme Court holdings explaining the reasoning behind Chief Justice, Pros and Cons of Judicial Review This is essentially to locate where lays supremacy between the branches and the judiciary particularly the Supreme Court with its final appellate jurisdiction. Many. A judge can then review the legitimacy of a decision made by a public body, where it can be disputed that it challenges the way a decision was made. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Marshall asserted the right of the judicial branch of government to void legislation it deemed unconstitutional, (Lemieux, 2003). I feel that in bringing this case before the courts for judicial review, David and Mary’s attempt to triumph will not be successful as the local housing authority stayed within its boundaries as laid out in the legislation, i.e.

[7] In the same case, [8] Lord Diplock stated that “It would be a grave lacuna in our system of public law if a single public spirited taxpayer, were prevented by outdated technical rules of locus standi from bringing the matter to the attention of the court to vindicate the rule of law and get the unlawful conduct stopped”. The decision itself does not necessarily have to be right or wrong. However, in the case IRC v National Federation of Self-Employed and Small Businesses Ltd [1981] [5] when referring to those who should be able to apply for Judicial Review on the basis of locus standi, Lord Roskill stated it “impossible to find a phrase which was exhaustive or definitive of the class of person entitled to apply for judicial review”. Also the fact that the Local Housing Authority wants to move the couple to a less upmarket area can be seen as being unfair. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - LawTeacher is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales.

A.T.Shehu, PhD( Judicial Review is basically an aspect of judicial power of the state which is exercised by the courts to determine the validity of a rule of law or an action of any agency of the state. The latin term Nemo judex in res sua translated means that no man should be a judge in his own case and this is a rule that is not taken lightly in the courts. It is for this reason that the couple have ‘sufficient interest’ [4] in the matter and so would be entitled to apply for a review. Under judicial review, the government actions under consideration for validity are presidential orders and actions, as well as legislation by Congress.

When looking at the three branches of government one sees all the power that the people have given them.

Free Judicial Review Essays and Papers. If the enactments done by the legislature and the executive are found unconstitutional then the judiciary has the power to declare those acts illegal, unconstitutional and invalid ( null and void) after which they, Judicial Review is the power of courts to determine whether or not actions by the government are valid.

The strengths and weakness of one institution, Marbury v. Madison: The Legacy of Judicial Review Judicial review and supremacy of the, case that they play a very big part in the public’s policy making.

It could be said that the subject matter of every Judicial Review is a decision made by a person in power, or, the failure of that person to make a decision.

The action or decision in question is brought before a Judge in court proceedings where the lawfulness of the decision is tested.

They could also have been seen to have fettered their discretion as a public authority by trying to apply rigid policies as if it were set out in legislation. When illegality is used as a ground for Judicial Review, the individual or body making the decision must follow and undoubtedly comprehend the law that regulates their power and must give effect to it. The courts could refer to the case of Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service [1985] [18] where Lord Diplock states that the decision made was “so outrageous in its defiance of logic or of accepted moral standards that no sensible person who had applied his mind to the question to be decided could have arrived at it”. Essay on Judicial Review 980 Words | 4 Pages. Monsoon Semester 2014

Although this was supposed to be the case, now in the modern age the judicial branch holds the most power. The courts have the power of testing the validity of legislative as well as other governmental action with reference to the provisions of the constitution. The debate over the legitimacy of the role of judicial review in the United States constitutional democracy has been around since the creation of the Constitution. All rights reserved.

Judicial review checks these governmental, JUDICIAL REVIEW AND THE INDIAN COURTS This is not an example of the work produced by our Law Essay Writing Service.

[16] For these reasons it is not believed that the housing association have acted ultra vires.

In other words, judicial review is a check on the executive and legislative branches of the government. Judicial Review : The Supreme Court 968 Words | 4 Pages.

JUDICIAL REVIEW OF LEGISLATION A paper prepared for the Anglo-Israeli Legal Exchange, Jerusalem, May 2007 David Feldman 1. One of the main objectives of judicial review is to hold the government to account.

In response to this, Lord Scarman stated “The unreasonableness of the decision i.e.


Throughout history he is portrayed as the fountainhead of judicial review.

Judicial Review is basically an aspect of judicial power of the state which is exercised by the courts to determine the validity of a rule of law or an action of any agency of the state. 19th Aug 2019

is one of the sole purposes of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Introduction. Judicial review can also regulate the acts or behaviors that the Executive and Judicial carry out in legislation and the Courts may choose to declare those actions taken by the other branches or not those actions are unconstitutional or not. Political Science Essay Monsoon Semester 2014 Submitted by- Pradyumna Soni 214048 JUDICIAL REVIEW AND THE INDIAN COURTS Introduction Judicial Review is basically an aspect of judicial power of the state which is exercised by the courts to determine the validity of a rule of law or an action of any agency of the state. [12] This would allow the couple, David and Mary, relevant standing to bring the case forward for Judicial Review as they more than likely feel victimised by the Housing authority and the actions taken against them. A recent article in Public Law asks whether judicial review of legislation is undemocratic.1 In some jurisdictions the question has come to dominate public-law theory.

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